调整落物率落棉率的梳理方式利弊分析
2015-12-04 15:03:25   来源:   评论:0 点击:

为了提高棉条质量,分析了调整清梳联清棉机落物率和精梳机落棉率两种方式的利弊;通过试验对比数据,说明在前纺清梳联、梳棉、精梳工序增加落物率和落棉率以提高棉层、棉条质量,不仅
熊  伟1,周献珠2,江  灏3
(1.新疆沃普农业发展有限公司,乌鲁木齐  830011;2.新疆轻工职业技术学院,乌鲁木齐  830021;3.湖南工程学院,湖南 湘潭  411104)
 
摘要:为了提高棉条质量,分析了调整清梳联清棉机落物率和精梳机落棉率两种方式的利弊;通过试验对比数据,说明在前纺清梳联、梳棉、精梳工序增加落物率和落棉率以提高棉层、棉条质量,不仅造成成本加大,且超出一定范围后并不能达到提高精梳棉条质量的效果。指出,提高落物率和落棉率以提升棉条质量,得不偿失;需要制定并严格控制原料质量控制、梳理器材、生产环境、工艺调整等相关标准;要从梳理器材的型号、规格、制造精度和梳理工艺进行控制,才是合理控制梳理成本、提高梳理效率和梳理效果的关键。
关键词:梳理效率;梳理器材;落物率;落棉率;成本;棉条质量;质量控制
中图分类号:TS103.11+2    文献标志码:B    文章编号:1001-9634(2015)06-0032-04
 
收稿日期:2015-03-10
作者简介:熊  伟(1967—),男(白族),湖南张家界人,硕士,高级工程师,主要从事纺纱与棉纤维研究。
 
The Analysis of Advantages and Disadvantages of Carding Process with Adjustment of Noil Rate
XIONG Wei1,ZHOU Xianzhu2,JIANG Hao3
(1. Xinjiang Good Harvest Agriculture Development Co.,Ltd.,Urumqi 830011,China; 2.Xinjiang Light Industry Vocational and Technical College,Urumqi 830021,China;3.Hunan Institute Engineering,Xiangtan 411104,China)
 
Abstract:In order to improve quality of cotton sliver,analysis is done to the analysis of advantages and disadvantages of carding process with adjustment of waste rate, comparing test proves that in fore spinning process,the blowing-carding combination, carding and combing processes improve quality of sheet and cotton sliver through the increase of the waste rate,causing cost increase,yet when a certain range exceeded,it goes the opposite and can not improve the combed sliver quality.It is pointed out that the loss of improving the quality of sliver though increase of the noil rate outweighs the gain.The relevant norms is needed including strictly control the quality of raw materials,carding accessories,production environment,process adjustment.Control should be starts with the types of carding accessories,specifications,manufacturing precision and the carding process.Only by doing so,can carding cost be reasonably controlled with high combing efficiency and good carding effect.
Key Words:carding efficiency;carding accessories;noil rate;cotton waste rate;cost; sliver quality;quality control
 
参考文献:
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[4] 张冶,崔玉梅,穆征.棉纤维成熟度的测试与分析[J].棉纺织技术,2000,28(10):33-35.
[5] 熊伟,徐志武,周献珠,等.纱疵与织物结构关系分析探讨[J].新疆纺织,2004(4):14-17.
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[7] 熊伟,谭绍海.棉纤维的回潮率与纺纱工艺的关系[J].新疆纺织,2002(3):36-38.
 
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